Identifier
Mp00058: Perfect matchings to permutationPermutations
Mp00235: Permutations descent views to invisible inversion bottomsPermutations
Mp00061: Permutations to increasing tree Binary trees
Images
=>
Cc0012;cc-rep-0Cc0010;cc-rep-3
[(1,2)]=>[2,1]=>[2,1]=>[[.,.],.] [(1,2),(3,4)]=>[2,1,4,3]=>[2,1,4,3]=>[[.,.],[[.,.],.]] [(1,3),(2,4)]=>[3,4,1,2]=>[4,1,3,2]=>[[.,.],[[.,.],.]] [(1,4),(2,3)]=>[4,3,2,1]=>[2,3,4,1]=>[[.,[.,[.,.]]],.] [(1,2),(3,4),(5,6)]=>[2,1,4,3,6,5]=>[2,1,4,3,6,5]=>[[.,.],[[.,.],[[.,.],.]]] [(1,3),(2,4),(5,6)]=>[3,4,1,2,6,5]=>[4,1,3,2,6,5]=>[[.,.],[[.,.],[[.,.],.]]] [(1,4),(2,3),(5,6)]=>[4,3,2,1,6,5]=>[2,3,4,1,6,5]=>[[.,[.,[.,.]]],[[.,.],.]] [(1,5),(2,3),(4,6)]=>[5,3,2,6,1,4]=>[6,3,5,1,2,4]=>[[[.,.],[.,.]],[.,[.,.]]] [(1,6),(2,3),(4,5)]=>[6,3,2,5,4,1]=>[4,3,5,6,1,2]=>[[[.,.],[.,[.,.]]],[.,.]] [(1,6),(2,4),(3,5)]=>[6,4,5,2,3,1]=>[3,5,2,6,4,1]=>[[[.,[.,.]],[[.,.],.]],.] [(1,5),(2,4),(3,6)]=>[5,4,6,2,1,3]=>[2,6,1,5,4,3]=>[[.,[.,.]],[[[.,.],.],.]] [(1,4),(2,5),(3,6)]=>[4,5,6,1,2,3]=>[6,1,2,4,5,3]=>[[.,.],[.,[[.,[.,.]],.]]] [(1,3),(2,5),(4,6)]=>[3,5,1,6,2,4]=>[5,6,3,2,1,4]=>[[[[.,[.,.]],.],.],[.,.]] [(1,2),(3,5),(4,6)]=>[2,1,5,6,3,4]=>[2,1,6,3,5,4]=>[[.,.],[[.,.],[[.,.],.]]] [(1,2),(3,6),(4,5)]=>[2,1,6,5,4,3]=>[2,1,4,5,6,3]=>[[.,.],[[.,[.,[.,.]]],.]] [(1,3),(2,6),(4,5)]=>[3,6,1,5,4,2]=>[6,4,3,5,1,2]=>[[[[.,.],.],[.,.]],[.,.]] [(1,4),(2,6),(3,5)]=>[4,6,5,1,3,2]=>[5,3,1,4,6,2]=>[[[.,.],.],[[.,[.,.]],.]] [(1,5),(2,6),(3,4)]=>[5,6,4,3,1,2]=>[3,1,4,6,5,2]=>[[.,.],[[.,[[.,.],.]],.]] [(1,6),(2,5),(3,4)]=>[6,5,4,3,2,1]=>[2,3,4,5,6,1]=>[[.,[.,[.,[.,[.,.]]]]],.] [(1,2),(3,4),(5,6),(7,8)]=>[2,1,4,3,6,5,8,7]=>[2,1,4,3,6,5,8,7]=>[[.,.],[[.,.],[[.,.],[[.,.],.]]]] [(1,4),(2,3),(5,8),(6,7)]=>[4,3,2,1,8,7,6,5]=>[2,3,4,1,6,7,8,5]=>[[.,[.,[.,.]]],[[.,[.,[.,.]]],.]]
Map
to permutation
Description
Returns the fixed point free involution whose transpositions are the pairs in the perfect matching.
Map
descent views to invisible inversion bottoms
Description
Return a permutation whose multiset of invisible inversion bottoms is the multiset of descent views of the given permutation.
An invisible inversion of a permutation $\sigma$ is a pair $i < j$ such that $i < \sigma(j) < \sigma(i)$. The element $\sigma(j)$ is then an invisible inversion bottom.
A descent view in a permutation $\pi$ is an element $\pi(j)$ such that $\pi(i+1) < \pi(j) < \pi(i)$, and additionally the smallest element in the decreasing run containing $\pi(i)$ is smaller than the smallest element in the decreasing run containing $\pi(j)$.
This map is a bijection $\chi:\mathfrak S_n \to \mathfrak S_n$, such that
  • the multiset of descent views in $\pi$ is the multiset of invisible inversion bottoms in $\chi(\pi)$,
  • the set of left-to-right maximima of $\pi$ is the set of maximal elements in the cycles of $\chi(\pi)$,
  • the set of global ascent of $\pi$ is the set of global ascent of $\chi(\pi)$,
  • the set of maximal elements in the decreasing runs of $\pi$ is the set of deficiency positions of $\chi(\pi)$, and
  • the set of minimal elements in the decreasing runs of $\pi$ is the set of deficiency values of $\chi(\pi)$.
Map
to increasing tree
Description
Sends a permutation to its associated increasing tree.
This tree is recursively obtained by sending the unique permutation of length $0$ to the empty tree, and sending a permutation $\sigma$ of length $n \geq 1$ to a root node with two subtrees $L$ and $R$ by splitting $\sigma$ at the index $\sigma^{-1}(1)$, normalizing both sides again to permutations and sending the permutations on the left and on the right of $\sigma^{-1}(1)$ to the trees $L$ and $R$, respectively.